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The monotypic Andean genus Fulcaldea (Compositae, Barnadesioideae) gains a new species from northeastern Brazil

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Abstract:

The family Compositae has ca. 25,000 species and is estimated to have diverged approximately 45 Ma. Within the family, the small subfamily Barnadesioideae (91 spp.) is the sister group of the rest of Compositae. Four of its nine genera have only one species; one of these, Fulcaldea, is restricted to northern Peru and Ecuador as is its sister group, Arnaldoa (3 spp.). A new species, Fulcaldea stuessyi, is described from the Chapada Diamantina of Bahia, Brazil, a remarkable 4000 km disjunction. The new species is clearly a member of Fulcaldea sharing a number of important characters with the type, F. laurifolia, including a single-flowered capitulum, "plumose" pappus, shrubby habit, and style with a unique swelling. It is distinguished from that species by its red corolla and pappus, greater number of series of phyllaries, and much greater length of the corolla, style, and pappus. The location of the new taxon may be the result of vicariance or long-distance dispersal; it is named in honor of Professor Tod Stuessy.

Keywords: ARNALDOA; ASTERACEAE; BAHIA; BARNADESIEAE; CHAPADA DIAMANTINA; DASYPHYLLUM; MUTISIEAE

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: US National Herbarium, Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560, U.S.A. 2: Herbário Alexandre Leal Costa, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Campus Universitário de Ondina, 40170-110 Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

Publication date: August 1, 2011

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