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Coffea anthonyi, a new self-compatible Central African coffee species, closely related to an ancestor of Coffea arabica

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Abstract:

Coffea anthonyi Stoff. & F. Anthony from Cameroon and the Republic of Congo is formally described. Morphological, biochemical and molecular characteristics, isozyme diversity and phylogenetic relationships are discussed. The new diploid species has strong relationships with the East African C. eugenioides and the allotetraploid cultivated C. arabica. As such, it could be related to a progenitor species of C. arabica. The new species is self-compatible, being a rare character within the genus Coffea. This new small-leaved Central African species is of particular interest from a phylogenetic as well as from a breeding point of view.

Keywords: CENTRAL AFRICA; COFFEA ANTHONYI; COFFEE; GENETIC DIVERSITY; SELF-COMPATIBILITY

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Domein van Bouchout, 1860 Meise, Belgium 2: Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Université de la Réunion, Campus du Chaudron, BP 172, 97492 Sainte Clotilde cedex, La Réunion, France 3: Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, BP 64501, 34394 Montpellier cedex 5, France

Publication date: February 1, 2009

iapt/tax/2009/00000058/00000001/art00014
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