Molecular phylogenetics of Oreobolus (Cyperaceae) and the origin and diversification of the American species

$17.42 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Nuclear ribosomal DNA Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) and plastid trnL intron and trnL-F intergenic spacer regions were sequenced for 14 species of Oreobolus (Cyperaceae) from throughout most of its distribution range (South America, Australasia, and Hawai'i), with the exception of the Malesian species; Costularia laxa was used as outgroup. Phylogenetic trees were produced for ITS and trnL-F datasets using maximum parsimony and maximum likelihood. We estimated species divergence times by enforcing a molecular clock on the Maximum Likelihood ITS tree, using the appearance of O. furcatus in Hawai'i, no earlier than 5.1 mya, as a calibration point. Our results support the monophyly of the South American species with the southern O. obtusangulus as sister to the rest. This South American clade is sister to the Australian O. pumilio, and the Australasian and Hawaiian species sampled form a basal grade. Oreobolus oligocephalus is embedded within Oreobolus, rejecting its separation in the monotypic genus Schoenoides. The transformed branch lengths of the ITS tree indicate a recent (5.5–6 mya) origin of the South American clade, followed by a northward migration and diversification of species along the Andes.

Keywords: LONG DISTANCE DISPERSAL; MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETICS; OREOBOLUS; PARAMO; PHYLOGENETIC DATING; SOUTH AMERICAN BIOGEOGRAPHY

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Molecular Systematics Section, Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3DS, U.K. 2: Botany, Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, The University of New England, Armidale NSW 2351, Australia

Publication date: May 1, 2006

Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more