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Free Content Acacia: the case against moving the type to Australia

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Abstract:

Recent studies have shown that Acacia is polyphyletic and must be split into five genera. Proposal 1584 would retypify Acacia : the type of the Australian taxon A. penninervis would be conserved over the current lectotype ( A. scorpioides ) of an African taxon. We disagree with the recommendation of the Spermatophyte Committee to endorse this proposal. Contrary to Article 14.12 of the ICBN, no detailed case against conservation was presented in Proposal 1584. We maintain that there are strong arguments against conservation, such as the large number of countries that would be affected, the economic importance of the extra-Australian species, and the economic burden placed on developing countries. Acceptance of this proposal would also violate the guidelines for conservation which clearly state that the principle of priority should prevail when conservation for one part of the world would create disadvantageous change in another part of the world.

Keywords: ACACIA; CONSERVATION; LEGUMINOSAE; NOMENCLATURE; RETYPIFICATION

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: L. H. Bailey Hortorium, Dept. Plant Biology, 228 Plant Sciences, Cornell Univ., Ithaca, New York 14853, U.S.A. 2: Dept. Plant Sciences, Univ. Oxford, U.K. 3: Herb., Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, U.K. 4: South African National Biodiversity Inst. Pretoria, South Africa 5: Univ. Brasilía, Fac. Tecnologia, Depto. Engenharia Florestal, Univ. Brasilía, Brasil 6: CONICET, Inst. Recursos Biológicos, Centro Investigación de Recursos Naturales, Prov. Buenos Aires, Argentina 7: South African National Biodiversity Inst., Lowveld National Bot. Gard., Nelspruit, South Africa 8: Nationaal Herb. Nederland, Wageningen Univ., Wageningen, The Netherlands 9: Inst. Recherche en Biologie Végétale, Univ. Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada 10: Museo Argentino Ciencias Naturales, Buenos Aires, Argentina 11: Australian National Herb., Centre Plant Biodiversity Research, CSIRO Plant Industry, Canberra, Australia 12: School Botany and Zoology, Australian National Univ., Canberra, Australia 13: Depto. Botánica, Inst. Biología, Univ. Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F., Mexico 14: National Herb., Biology Dept., Science Faculty, Addis Ababa Univ., Ethiopia 15: Depto. Biología, Divisió. CBS, UAM-Iztapalapa, México, D.F., México 16: Dept. Biological Sciences, George Washington Univ., Washington, D.C., U.S.A. 17: Dept. Molecular, Cell, and Developmental Biology, Univ. California, Los Angeles, U.S.A. 18: Dept. Botany, The Natural History Museum, London, U.K. 19: Dépt. Systématique et Evolution, Museum National D?histoire Naturelle, Paris, France 20: Section Integrative Biology, Univ. Texas, Austin, U.S.A. 21: South African National Biodiversity Inst. Pretoria, South Africa; Biodiversity Foundation Africa, Famona, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe 22: Biodiversity Foundation Africa, Famona, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe 23: H.G.W.J. Schweickerdt Herbarium, Dept. Botany, Univ. Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa 24: Dept. Botany and Zoology, Univ. Stellenbosch, Matieland, South Africa 25: School Life Sciences, Arizona State Univ., Tempe, Arizona, U.S.A.

Publication date: May 1, 2005

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