Agriculture is an important sector of the Bulgarian economy and horticulture is a significant part of agriculture. This paper reviews the structural changes in Bulgarian agriculture since 1945 and analyses the situation and dynamic of horticultural farms in the Plovdiv region. During
the transition period (1990s), Bulgarian agriculture underwent dramatic reforms including land restitution and privatization. The restructuring of the agricultural sector in Bulgaria took place mainly in the pre-accession period (1999-2007) in order to fulfill the criteria for entry into the
EU. EU accession in 2007 has presented new challenges and opportunities for the future development of agriculture in Bulgaria. This research demonstrates that despite the difficult economic environment, horticultural farms have a significant potential due to favorable natural conditions coupled
with the traditions of growing horticultural crops.