Skip to main content

Free Content A Blueprint for Green Co-Operatives: Organisations for Co-ordinating Environmental Management Across Farm Holdings

Download Article:
(PDF 289.1162109375 kb)


Dutch environmental co-operatives (ECs) are voluntary clubs of farmers (and often non-farmers) working to enhance the natural environment and the rural economy. They can be described as boundary organisations as they bring together diverse interest groups to share perspectives, rekindle motivations, and develop and support innovative programmes. Their particular contribution is to co-ordinate environmental activities that span farm holdings thus addressing environmental problems at the most appropriate scale (e.g. landscape or catchment rather than the farm by farm approach typically used). This paper describes a sample of long-established and more recently established Dutch ECs, their emergence and growth, and the managerial, operational and financial arrangements they have to support their work. The principal aim of the paper is to show that these organisations can be established by small groups of dedicated farmers, with a shared interest. It is argued that this model provides an additional option for land managers and environmental agencies elsewhere facing similar environmental pressures.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2008-08-01

More about this publication?
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more