Antimicrobial Resistance of Campylobacter jejuni Isolated from Chicken Carcasses in the Federal District, Brazil

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Abstract:

The aim of the present study was to perform microbiological isolation of Campylobacter jejuni from chilled chicken carcasses marketed in the Federal District of Brazil and to subject the strains to an antibiogram. A total of 92 samples from chilled chicken carcasses were acquired, 18 of which (19.56%) tested positive for C. jejuni. A total of 16 strains were tested for susceptibility to eight antimicrobial drugs. All 16 strains were resistant to ciprofloxacin, 15 strains to nalidixic acid, streptomycin, tetracycline, and gentamycin, 14 strains to amoxicillin, 11 strains to erythromycin, and 6 strains to chloramphenicol. The present study is the first to report on the presence of C. jejuni in chilled chicken carcasses marketed in the Federal District region of Brazil. These results may indicate flaws in certain steps of this food processing and highlight a possible public health problem due to the high level of resistance exhibited by the isolated strains.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-12-485

Affiliations: 1: Department of Animal Health, Faculty of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine, University of Brasília, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Caixa Postal 4508, ICC-Sul, Asa Norte, Distrito Federal, Brazil 2: Department of Animal Health, Faculty of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine, University of Brasília, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Caixa Postal 4508, ICC-Sul, Asa Norte, Distrito Federal, Brazil. phelena@unb.br 3: Laboratory of Food Microbiology (LAMAL), Faculty of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine, University of Brasília, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, ICC-Sul, sala 128/10, Asa Norte, Distrito Federal, Brazil 4: Faculty of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine, University of Brasília, Campus Darcy Ribeiro, Caixa Postal 4508, ICC-Sul, Asa Norte, Distrito Federal, Brazil

Publication date: April 1, 2013

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