Skip to main content

Open Access Issues To Consider When Setting Intervention Targets with Limited Data for Low-Moisture Food Commodities: A Peanut Case Study

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 3,106.6 kb)
 

Abstract:

Peanuts and peanut-containing products have been linked to at least seven salmonellosis outbreaks worldwide in the past two decades. In response, the Technical Committee on Food Microbiology of the North American Branch of the International Life Sciences Institute collaborated with the American Peanut Council to convene a workshop to develop a framework for managing risk in low-moisture food commodities where large data sets are unavailable (using peanuts as the example). Workshop attendees were charged with answering questions regarding the appropriate statistical and scientific methods for setting log reduction targets with limited pathogen prevalence and concentration data, suitable quantities of data needed for determining appropriate log reduction targets, whether the requirement of a 5-log reduction in the absence of data to establish a target log reduction is appropriate, and what targeted log reduction would protect public health. This report concludes that the judgment about sufficient data is not solely scientific, but is instead a science-informed policy decision that must weigh additional societal issues. The participants noted that modeling efforts should proceed with sampling efforts, allowing one to compare various assumptions about prevalence and concentration and how they are combined. The discussions made clear that data and risk models developed for other low-moisture foods like almonds and pistachios may be applicable to peanuts. Workshop participants were comfortable with the use of a 5-log reduction for controlling risk in products like peanuts when the level of contamination of the raw ingredients is low (<1 CFU/g) and the process well controlled, even when limited data are available. The relevant stakeholders from the food safety community may eventually conclude that as additional data, assumptions, and models are developed, alternatives to a 5-log reduction might also result in the desired level of protection for peanuts and peanut products.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-12-171

Affiliations: 1: Department of Food Science, Rutgers University, 65 Dudley Road, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901;, Email: schaffner@aesop.rutgers.edu 2: Center for Food Safety and Security Systems, University of Maryland, 0119 Symons Hall, College Park, Maryland 20742 3: American Peanut Council, 1500 King Street, Suite 301, Alexandria, Virginia 22314 4: Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Citrus Research & Education Center, University of Florida, 700 Experiment Station Road, Lake Alfred, Florida 33850 5: Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616-8598 6: Formerly with the North American Branch of the International Life Sciences Institute, 1156 15th Street N.W., 2nd Floor, Washington, DC 20005 7: Exponent, Inc., 17000 Science Drive, Suite 200, Bowie, Maryland 20715 8: Kraft Foods, 200 Deforest Avenue, East Hanover, New Jersey 07936, ConAgra Foods, Five ConAgra Drive, 5-435, Omaha, NE 68102, USA 9: Department of Food Science, Cornell University, 412 Stocking Hall, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
iafp/jfp/2013/00000076/00000002/art00028
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more