Skip to main content

Virolysis of Feline Calicivirus and Human GII.4 Norovirus following Chlorine Exposure under Standardized Light Soil Disinfection Conditions

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

The relationship between the infectivity of the feline calicivirus (FCV) vaccine strain F-9 and capsid destruction (virolysis) in response to available chlorine was investigated under standardized light soil disinfection conditions. Virolysis was measured using RNase pretreatment (in order to destroy exposed RNA following chlorine treatment) and quantitative reverse transcription PCR. A comparison between the results of plaque assays and virolysis following exposure of FCV F-9 grown in tissue culture to different concentrations of available chlorine showed a similar log-linear relationship, with >4-log reductions occurring at 48 and 66 ppm, respectively. Three non-epidemiologically linked human GII.4 noroviruses (NoVs) present in dilute clinical samples showed behavior similar to each other and were 10 times more resistant to virolysis than cultured FCV F-9. FCV F-9 when present in dilute human GII.4 samples acquired increased resistance to virolysis approaching that of human NoVs. This study represents a direct comparison between the virolysis of a surrogate virus (FCV F-9) and that of human GII.4 NoVs within the same matrix in response to available chlorine. The results support the view that matrix effects have a significant effect on virus survival.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-11-087

Affiliations: 1: Leatherhead Food Research, Randalls Road, Leatherhead, Surrey KT22 7RY, UK 2: Unilever Central Resources Ltd., Colworth Park, Sharnbrook, Bedford, Bedfordshire MK44 1LQ, UK 3: Evans Vanodine International plc, Brierley Road, Preston, Lancashire PR5 8AH, UK 4: Department of Microbiology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Bowthorpe Road, Norwich, Norfolk NR2 3TX, UK 5: Health Protection Agency, Centre for Infections, Colindale Avenue, London NW9 5EQ, UK 6: Premier Analytical Services, The Lord Rank Centre, Lincoln Road, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire HP12 3QS, UK

Publication date: December 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
iafp/jfp/2011/00000074/00000012/art00015
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more