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Zearalenone Removal in Synthetic Media and Aqueous Part of Canned Corn by Montmorillonite K10 and Pillared Montmorillonite K10

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Abstract:

The capacities of montmorillonite K10 (K10), aluminum pillared K10 (Al-K10), and iron pillared K10 (Fe-K10) to eliminate zearalenone (ZEN) from synthetic media and the aqueous part of canned corn were studied. Original clay and pillared clays were characterized in terms of X-ray powder diffraction analysis and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms. The maximum amounts of adsorption of ZEN by K10, Al-K10, and Fe-K10 at 25°C and pH 7 were 0.202, 1.305, and 1.028 mg/g and 0.264, 0.096, and 0.255 mg/g, calculated from Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms, respectively. The adsorption of ZEN was also studied as a function of adsorbent amount (1 to 30 mg), ZEN concentration (2 to 20 mg/liter), pH of solution (pH 4 to 10), and contact time. Pillared clays could be an excellent alternative for removing ZEN in contaminated food samples and are potentially low-cost adsorbents with a promising future as an alternative to more costly materials.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-10-317

Affiliations: 1: Elementary Science Education, Faculty of Education, Nigde University, Derbent Campus, 51100 Nigde, Turkey 2: Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences, Dokuz Eylul University, Tinaztepe Campus, 35160 Izmir, Turkey 3: Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences, Dokuz Eylul University, Tinaztepe Campus, 35160 Izmir, Turkey. k.yurdakoc@deu.edu.tr

Publication date: June 1, 2011

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