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Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes in Orange and Tomato Juice Using Ohmic Heating

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Abstract:

The effects of ohmic heating on reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes in orange and tomato juice were investigated. Orange and tomato juice inoculated with E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, and L. monocytogenes were subjected to ohmic heating with selected parameters including electric field strength from 10 to 20 V/cm and treatment times from 0 to 540 s. The number of pathogens was reduced by increasing the electric field strength from 10 to 20 V/cm as well as increasing treatment time. The population of E. coli O157:H7 was reduced more than 5 log after 120, 210, and 540 s of treatment in orange juice with 20, 15, and 10 V/cm electric field strengths, respectively. In tomato juice, levels of E. coli O157:H7 were reduced more than 5 log after 90, 180, and 480 s with the same electric field strengths. Similar phenomena were observed for Salmonella Typhimurium and L. monocytogenes, but E. coli O157:H7 was the most resistant to ohmic heating treatment. These results show that ohmic heating is potentially useful for inactivation of E. coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, and L. monocytogenes and that the effect of inactivation depends on applied electric field strength, treatment time, pathogen species, and type of juice.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-10-552

Affiliations: 1: Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology, School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, San 56-1, Sillim-dong, Kwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, Korea 2: Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Center for Agricultural Biomaterials, and Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Korea 3: Department of Food and Animal Biotechnology, School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, San 56-1, Sillim-dong, Kwanak-gu, Seoul 151-742, Korea. Kang7820@snu.ac.kr

Publication date: June 1, 2011

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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