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Influence of Growth Conditions on Pressure Resistance of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Oysters and the Optimization of Postpressure Treatment Recovery Conditions

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Vibrio parahaemolyticus ATCC 43996 was grown at 15°C for 53 h, 20°C for 24 h, 25°C for 12 h, 30°C for 9 h, 35°C for 9 h, or 40°C for 6 h to early stationary phase. Oyster meats were blended, autoclaved at 121°C for 15 min, inoculated with V. parahaemolyticus, and pressure treated at 250 MPa for 2 and 3 min and at 300 MPa for 1 and 2 min at 21°C. Overall, growth temperatures of 20 and 40°C yielded the greatest pressure resistance in V. parahaemolyticus. The effects of salt concentration and H2O2-degrading compounds on the recovery of V. parahaemolyticus also were investigated. Sterile oyster meats were inoculated with V. parahaemolyticus and treated at 250 MPa for 1, 2, or 3 min at 21°C. These meats were then blended with 0.1% peptone water supplemented with 0.5 to 1.5% NaCl and plated on tryptic soy agar (TSA) supplemented with 0 to 3.5% NaCl. For recovery of pressure-injured cells, peptone water with 1% NaCl and TSA with 0.5% NaCl were the best diluent and plating medium, respectively. Addition of sodium pyruvate (0.05 to 0.2%) or catalase (8 to 32 U/ml) did not increase the recovery of V. parahaemolyticus after pressure treatment. The effect of incubation temperature and gas atmosphere on the recovery of V. parahaemolyticus after pressure treatment also was determined. Aerobic incubation at 30°C resulted in the highest recovery of V. parahaemolyticus in sterile oyster meats. The 30°C incubation temperature was also the optimum temperature for recovery of V. parahaemolyticus in pressure-treated live oysters. The results of this study indicate that the growth conditions for V. parahaemolyticus before and after high hydrostatic pressure treatment should be taken into consideration when assessing the efficacy of pressure inactivation.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716-2150, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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