Effects of Salt, Sodium Pyrophosphate, and Sodium Lactate on the Probability of Growth of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Ground Beef
Abstract:Ground beef products are susceptible to contamination with Escherichia coli O157:H7. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of salt, sodium pyrophosphate (SPP), and sodium lactate on the probability of growth of E. coli O157:H7 in ground beef under a temperature abuse condition. Ground beef containing 0 to 2.25% salt, 0 to 0.5% SPP, and 0 to 3% lactate was inoculated with a four-strain mixture of E. coli O157:H7, vacuum packaged, and stored at 10°C for 15 days. A total of 25 combinations of the three additives, each with 20 samples, were tested. A logistic regression was used to model the probability of growth of E. coli O157:H7 (with a 1.0-log CFU/g increase during storage) as a function of salt, SPP, and lactate. The resultant probability model indicated that lactate at higher concentrations decreased the probability of growth of E. coli O157:H7 in ground beef, and the effect was more pronounced at higher salt concentrations. At salt concentrations below 1.3%, the increase of SPP concentration marginally increased the growth probabilities of E. coli O157:H7. The model illustrated the effect of salt, SPP, and lactate on the growth probabilities and growth or no-growth behavior of E. coli O157:H7 in ground beef and can be used to improve the microbial food safety of ground beef products.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Residue Chemistry and Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA. email@example.com 2: Residue Chemistry and Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA
Publication date: April 1, 2011
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites