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Evaluation of a Serotyping Scheme Using a Combination of an Antibody-Based Serogrouping Method and a Multiplex PCR Assay for Identifying the Major Serotypes of Listeria monocytogenes

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Abstract:

To evaluate a simplified serotyping scheme, we used a combination of an antibody-based serogrouping assay that identified only type 1 and type 4 strains and a multiplex PCR–based serogrouping assay to analyze 362 L. monocytogenes isolates collected over more than 20 years. The multiplex PCR assay also incorporated a set of primers specific for L. monocytogenes hlyA gene to verify the species identification of these isolates. A subset (n = 120) of these isolates were also serotyped with the Denka Seiken serotyping scheme, which is often considered the “gold standard” for serotyping of L. monocytogenes. The results indicate that the multiplex PCR–based assay, in combination with an antibody-based serogrouping assay, correctly identified serotypes of 96% of the previously serotyped isolates. Compared with the Denka Seiken method, the combination method also performed better in identifying serotypes of 120 previously unserotyped L. monocytogenes isolates. Thus, the combination scheme appears to be a simple and rapid way to identify serotypes 1/2a, 1/2b, 1/2c, 3a, 3b, 3c, and 4b isolates, which are the predominant L. monocytogenes serotypes found in food, environmental, and clinical samples.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-10-355

Affiliations: 1: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Laurel, Maryland 20708, USA 2: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Laurel, Maryland 20708, USA. atin.datta@fda.hhs.gov

Publication date: March 1, 2011

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