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Effects of Sodium Citrate plus Sodium Diacetate and Buffered Vinegar on Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Psychrotrophic Bacteria in Brine-Injected Beef

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Abstract:

The objective of this research was to examine the effects of sodium citrate plus sodium diacetate or buffered vinegar on Escherichia coli O157:H7 and psychrotrophic bacteria when incorporated in brine solutions for injected beef. Two experiments were conducted in which 30 top rounds and 30 top sirloins were injected (110%) to contain (i) 0.5% sodium chloride and 0.4% sodium tripolyphosphate as the control (CNT); (ii) CNT with a 1% solution of 80% sodium citrate plus 20% sodium diacetate (SC + D); or (iii) CNT with 2% buffered vinegar (VIN) in the final product. For the E. coli challenge, muscles were surface inoculated to target 6 log CFU/cm2. After injection and 10 days of storage in a vacuum package (4°C), one half of each muscle was sampled raw and the other half was cooked to an internal temperature of 60°C with a 12-min hold. For raw samples, a significant reduction of 0.6 and 1.0 log CFU/g of E. coli O157:H7 was observed in both SC + D- and VIN-injected top rounds and sirloins, respectively. All cooked samples were E. coli O157:H7 negative. For psychrotrophic analysis, subprimals were injected and vacuum packaged for 10 days at 0 ± 1°C. After 10 days of storage, steaks were fabricated and placed in aerobic display (4 ± 1°C) for 1, 7, 14, and 21 days. Psychrotrophic organism growth was restricted in SC + D and VIN samples when compared with CNT on all days except day 1. Sodium citrate plus sodium diacetate or buffered vinegar may improve the safety and shelf life of multineedle brine-injected beef.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-10-294

Affiliations: 1: Department of Food Science and Technology, Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA 2: Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA 3: Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA 4: Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA. astelz@uga.edu

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