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A Rapid Method for Identifying Byssochlamys and Hamigera

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Heat-resistant fungi, genera Byssochlamys, Talaromyces, Neosartorya, and Hamigera, contribute significantly to the spoilage of heat-processed acidic foods, due to the formation of heat-resistant ascospores. Here, we first evaluated the differences in the β-tubulin gene between Byssochlamys and Hamigera and developed specific primers to identify the Byssochlamys species fulva, nivea, and spectabilis, and Hamigera. Using primers designed for B. fulva and B. nivea (B1F/1R), specific PCR products were detected for B. fulva and B. nivea, as well as B. langunculariae and B. zollerniae, two closely related species. Similarly, the Pae4F/4R-1 and H2F/2R primers produced specific PCR products for B. spectabilis and Hamigera, respectively. Using these three primer sets, strains involved in acidic food spoilage and environmental contamination were not detected. The detection limits of all primer sets were 1 ng of DNA by PCR and 10 pg of DNA by nested PCR. Each PCR assay was specific, even if the sample was contaminated 1,000-fold by other fungal DNA. Thus, this method has proved to possess an extremely high degree of specificity.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Global R&D Safety Science, Kao Corporation, 2606 Akabane, Ichikai-machi, Haga-Gun, Tochigi 321-3497, Japan 2: Medical Mycology Research Center, Chiba University 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba 260-8673, Japan

Publication date: August 1, 2010

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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