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Inhibition of Clostridium perfringens Spore Germination and Outgrowth by Buffered Vinegar and Lemon Juice Concentrate during Chilling of Ground Turkey Roast Containing Minimal Ingredients

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Abstract:

Inhibition of Clostridium perfringens spore germination and outgrowth in ground turkey roast containing minimal ingredients (salt and sugar), by buffered vinegar (MOstatin V) and a blend (buffered) of lemon juice concentrate and vinegar (MOstatin LV) was evaluated. Ground turkey roast was formulated to contain sea salt (1.5%), turbinado sugar (0.5%), and various concentrations of MOstatin V (0.75, 1.25, or 2.5%) or MOstatin LV (1.5, 2.5, or 3.5%), along with a control (without MOstatins). The product was inoculated with a three-strain spore cocktail of C. perfringens to obtain initial spore levels of ca. 2.0 to 0.5 log CFU/g. Inoculated products were vacuum packaged, heat shocked for 20 min at 75°C, and cooled exponentially from 54.4 to 4.0°C in 6.5, 9, 12, 15, 18, or 21 h. In control samples without MOstatin V or MOstatin LV, C. perfringens populations reached 2.98, 4.50, 5.78, 7.05, 7.88, and 8.19 log CFU/g (corresponding increases of 0.51, 2.29, 3.51, 4.79, 5.55, and 5.93 log CFU/g) in 6.5, 9, 12, 15, 18, and 21 h of chilling, respectively. MOstatin V (2.5%) and MOstatin LV (3.5%) were effective in inhibiting C. perfringens spore germination and outgrowth in ground turkey roast to <1.0 log CFU/g during abusive chilling of the product within 21 h. Buffered vinegar and a blend (buffered) of lemon juice concentrate and vinegar were effective in controlling germination and outgrowth of C. perfringens spores in turkey roast containing minimal ingredients.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA 2: Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, A.C., Carretera a la Victoria Km. 0.6, Hermosillo, Sonora, México CP 83000 3: Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA 4: Department of Animal Science, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA 5: Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, Nebraska 68583, USA; Email: hthippareddi2@unl.edu

Publication date: 2010-03-01

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