Probiotics Down-Regulate Genes in Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Pathogenicity Islands 1 and 2

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


Salmonella Typhimurium pathogenesis relies mainly on the expression of genes of two pathogenicity islands, Salmonella pathogenicity islands 1 and 2 (SPI1 and SPI2). Each island has its own pattern of expression and regulation. Success in suppression of the responsible key activator of each island would be an effective way of controlling Salmonella, especially with the emerging problem of antibiotic-resistant strains. Probiotics have been shown to inhibit several foodborne pathogens, and their mode of action may partly involve down-regulation of virulence genes. To investigate whether probiotics played a role in the regulation of the pathogenicity islands SPI1 and SPI2 in Salmonella, two reporter strains were constructed in which the general regulator of SPI1, hilA, and the response regulator of SPI2, ssrB, were fused with luxCDABE genes. These constructs were used to screen the effect of probiotics on the expression of each gene. Molecules secreted by Bifidobacterium bifidum were able to down-regulate both genes.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Food Control Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, 44519, Zagazig, Egypt, Canadian Research Institute for Food Safety, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1 2: Canadian Research Institute for Food Safety, Food Science Department, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1. Email:

Publication date: March 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • IAFP members must first sign in on the right to access full text articles of JFP

    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: or Web site:
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more