Validation of a Washing and Sanitizing Procedure for Cantaloupes at a Mexican Packing Facility
Source: Journal of Food Protection®, Number 2, February 2010, pp. 212-404 , pp. 362-365(4)
Abstract:In-plant validation of an alternative washing and sanitizing method was conducted at a cantaloupe packing operation in Mexico. This method consisted of a spray water wash followed by spraying warm (55 to 60°C) 2% L-lactic acid solution and was compared with the existing method of spray washing the melons with tap water followed by immersion in a chlorinated water tank. Surface samples (100 cm2) were collected from 160 melons subjected to each processing method and tested for counts of aerobic bacteria, coliforms, and Escherichia coli. The aerobic plate counts from cantaloupes washed in the dump tank ranged from 3.6 to 5.2 log CFU/cm2 and were significantly higher (P < 0.05) than those from melons treated with the alternative spray method, which ranged from 1.8 to 2.6 log CFU/cm2. Coliform counts for cantaloupes treated in the dump tank were 0.2 to 2.2 log CFU/cm2 and were below the detection level (−6.0 log CFU/cm2) on cantaloupes treated by the spray method. Growth of E. coli was observed in 2.5% of the samples of cantaloupes treated in the dump tank and in none of the samples of cantaloupes treated by lactic acid spray (P < 0.05). These results support the elimination of dump tanks in cantaloupe packing operations established by the Mexican government for certification of firms exporting cantaloupes to the United States. When a sanitizer is to be applied to the product, lactic acid seems to be a viable option, at least for products such as cantaloupes whose quality is not affected by an acid wash.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Programa de Posgrado en Procesos Biotecnológicos, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco 44430, Mexico 2: Programa de Posgrado en Procesos Biotecnológicos, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco 44430, Mexico; Departamento de Farmacobiología, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco 44430, Mexico 3: Departamento de Farmacobiología, Universidad de Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Jalisco 44430, Mexico 4: Department of Animal Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-2471, USA
Publication date: February 1, 2010
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