Bacteriophage Significantly Reduces Listeria monocytogenes on Raw Salmon Fillet Tissue
Abstract:We have demonstrated the antilisterial activity of generally recognized as safe (GRAS) bacteriophage LISTEX P100 (phage P100) on the surface of raw salmon fillet tissue against Listeria monocytogenes serotypes 1/2a and 4b. In a broth model system, phage P100 completely inhibited L. monocytogenes growth at 4°C for 12 days, at 10°C for 8 days, and at 30°C for 4 days, at all three phage concentrations of 104, 106, and 108 PFU/ml. On raw salmon fillet tissue, a higher phage concentration of 108 PFU/g was required to yield 1.8-, 2.5-, and 3.5-log CFU/g reductions of L. monocytogenes from its initial loads of 2, 3, and 4.5 log CFU/g at 4 or 22°C. Over the 10 days of storage at 4°C, L. monocytogenes growth was inhibited by phage P100 on the raw salmon fillet tissue to as low as 0.3 log CFU/g versus normal growth of 2.6 log CFU/g in the absence of phage. Phage P100 remained stable on the raw salmon fillet tissue over a 10-day storage period, with only a marginal loss of 0.6 log PFU/g from an initial phage treatment of 8 log PFU/g. These findings illustrate that the GRAS bacteriophage LISTEX P100 is listericidal on raw salmon fillets and is useful in quantitatively reducing L. monocytogenes.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Food Science, Nutrition and Health Promotion, P.O. Box 9805, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi 39762, USA
Publication date: January 1, 2010
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