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Modeling Penicillium expansum Resistance to Thermal and Chlorine Treatments

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Abstract:

Apples and apple products are excellent substrates for Penicillium expansum to produce patulin. In an attempt to avoid excessive levels of patulin, limiting or reducing P. expansum contamination levels on apples designated for storage in packinghouses and/or during apple juice processing is critical. The aim of this work was (i) to determine the thermal resistance of P. expansum spores in apple juice, comparing the abilities of the Bigelow and Weibull models to describe the survival curves and (ii) to determine the inactivation of P. expansum spores in aqueous chlorine solutions at varying concentrations of chlorine solutions, comparing the abilities of the biphasic and Weibull models to fit the survival curves. The results showed that the Bigelow and Weibull models were similar for describing the heat inactivation data, because the survival curves were almost linear. In this case, the concept of D- and z-values could be used, and the D-values obtained were 10.68, 6.64, 3.32, 1.14, and 0.61 min at 50, 52, 54, 56, and 60°C, respectively, while the z-value was determined to be 7.57°C. For the chlorine treatments, although the biphasic model gave a slightly superior performance, the Weibull model was selected, considering the parsimony principle, because it has fewer parameters than the biphasic model has. In conclusion, the typical pasteurization regimen used for refrigerated apple juice (71°C for 6 s) is capable of achieving a 6-log reduction of P. expansum spores.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Chemical Engineering and Food Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, UFSC, Florianópolis, SC 88040-900, Brazil 2: Department of Food Science and Technology, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Cornell University, Geneva, New York 14456-0462, USA 3: Department of Food Science and Technology, New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Cornell University, Geneva, New York 14456-0462, USA. rww8@cornell.edu

Publication date: December 1, 2009

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