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Morphology, Release Characteristics, and Antimicrobial Effect of Nisin-Loaded Electrospun Gelatin Fiber Mat

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Gelatin electrospun (e-spun) fiber mats containing nisin were produced by electrostatic spinning of gelatin-nisin in 70% (vol/vol) acetic acid aqueous solutions. Varying nisin loading concentration (0 to 3% [wt/wt]) did not affect the fiber average diameter, whereas increasing gelatin concentration from 20 to 24% (wt/vol) caused an increase in the average diameter. All nisin-loaded gelatin e-spun fiber mats demonstrated inhibition against Lactobacillus plantarum TISTR 850. However, all fiber mats were fragile and easily dissolved in water. Cross-linking by saturated glutaraldehyde vapor at 37°C for 5 min was done to strengthen the mat. Tensile strength, Young's modulus, and elongation of the cross-linked gelatin-nisin e-spun fiber mats varied in the range of 2.6 to 20.3 MPa, 163 to 966 MPa, and 1.7 to 5.9% , respectively. Cross-linking did not affect the mat's inhibition activity against L. plantarum TISTR 850. Nisin retention in cross-linked antimicrobial gelatin e-spun fiber mats was in the range of 1.0 to 1.22% . Increasing temperature caused an increase in nisin release, but increasing water activity did not cause a significant difference in nisin release over 50 h. After storage at 25°C for 5 months, the antimicrobial gelatin e-spun fiber mat still showed inhibition against L. plantarum TISTR 850. The mats also inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes but not Salmonella Typhimurium.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Phayathai Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand 2: Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Phayathai Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand 3: The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Phayathai Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand 4: Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Phayathai Road, Patumwan, Bangkok 10330, Thailand;, Email:

Publication date: November 1, 2009

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