Skip to main content

An Outbreak of Salmonella enterica Serotype Litchfield Infection in Australia Linked to Consumption of Contaminated Papaya

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

An outbreak of 26 cases of Salmonella Litchfield infection occurred in the states of Western Australia and Queensland between October 2006 and January 2007. A case-control study was conducted with 12 cases and 24 controls, and a significant association was found between illness and consumption of papaya (odds ratio, 32.8; 95% confidence interval, 2.71 to 883.5). Papaya samples were collected from 26 stores in Western Australia, and 9 of 38 samples were contaminated with Salmonella Litchfield. These samples had pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns and multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis profiles indistinguishable from the outbreak strain. Three farms in Western Australia supplied the contaminated papaya, and two of these farms were inspected. Salmonella Litchfield was not detected in papaya samples, fungal sprays, or water samples from the farms; however, at one farm other serotypes of Salmonella were detected in untreated river water that was used for washing papaya. Only treated potable water should be used for washing fresh produce that is to be eaten raw.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Health Western Australia, P.O. Box 8172, Perth Business Centre, Western Australia 6849, Australia; OzFoodNet Working Group, Department of Health and Ageing, Office of Health Protection, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia 2: Department of Health Western Australia, P.O. Box 8172, Perth Business Centre, Western Australia 6849, Australia; OzFoodNet Working Group, Department of Health and Ageing, Office of Health Protection, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia 3: Department of Health Western Australia, P.O. Box 8172, Perth Business Centre, Western Australia 6849, Australia 4: PathWest Laboratory Medicine WA, Locked Bag 2009, Nedlands, Western Australia 6909, Australia 5: OzFoodNet Working Group, Department of Health and Ageing, Office of Health Protection, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia; Queensland Health, GPO Box 48, Brisbane, Queensland 4001, Australia 6: Queensland Health, GPO Box 48, Brisbane, Queensland 4001, Australia 7: OzFoodNet Working Group, Department of Health and Ageing, Office of Health Protection, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia; Department of Health and Ageing, MDP 14, GPO Box 9848, Canberra, Australian Capitol Territory 2601, Australia

Publication date: May 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
iafp/jfp/2009/00000072/00000005/art00024
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more