Biogenic Amine Production by Oenococcus oeni Isolates from Malolactic Fermentation of Tempranillo Wine
Abstract:In this article, we examine the production of biogenic amines, histamine, putrescine, tyramine, and cadaverine by 90 strains of Oenococcus oeni isolated from different cellars of Castilla-La Mancha (Spain) during wine malolactic fermentation. Amino biogenic capacity of strains was qualitatively analyzed on agar. After that, production of amines on a synthetic medium and on wine, and presence in strains of histidine, ornithine, and tyrosine decarboxylase genes were determined. Only two strains were able to produce histamine or putrescine, both on synthetic medium and wine. The presence of the corresponding genes in these strains was also confirmed. These results suggest that O. oeni does not significantly contribute to the overall biogenic amine content of wines. The main contribution of this work is the isolation of a putrescine-producing O. oeni strain that harbors the ornithine gene, since this gene appears to be rarely present in the genome of O. oeni.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Instituto de la Vid y del Vino de Castilla-La Mancha, Crta. Toledo-Albacete s/n 13700 Tomelloso (Ciudad Real), Spain 2: Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Facultad de Ciencias del Medio Ambiente, Campus Tecnológico de la Fabrica de Armas, Avda. Carlos III s/n 45071 Toledo, Spain
Publication date: April 1, 2009
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites