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Identification of an Interfering Substrate in Apple Juice and Improvement for Determination of Patulin with High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Analyses

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An interfering substance that is not 5-hydroxymethylfurfural appears in some apple juices during high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of patulin based on the AOAC 995.10 method. Because this interfering substance could cause the overestimation of patulin in the apple juices, we tried to identify the substance and to develop an improved method of analyzing patulin free from the influence of this substance. We isolated the substance from the apple juice and identified it as adenosine based on its mass spectrometry, proton nuclear magnetic resonance, and photo diode array spectra. Because of the chemical properties of adenosine, changes in the extraction method under acidic conditions and the HPLC conditions (wavelength and analytical column) were effective for avoiding the influence of adenosine and more specifically for analyzing the patulin. The most effective and simple improvement of the official method was the use of column in-point carbon contents greater than 15.5%.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Safety Evaluation, Research Laboratory for Food Safety Chemistry, Asahi Breweries, Ltd., 1-1-21 Midori, Moriya-shi, Ibaraki 302-0106, Japan 2: National Institute of Health Sciences, 1-18-1 Kamiyoga, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 158-8501, Japan

Publication date: April 1, 2009

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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