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Radiation Sensitization and Postirradiation Proliferation of Listeria monocytogenes on Ready-to-Eat Deli Meat in the Presence of Pectin-Nisin Films

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Abstract:

In this study, the ability of pectin-nisin films in combination with ionizing radiation to eliminate Listeria monocytogenes and inhibit its postirradiation proliferation was evaluated. Pectin films containing 0.025% nisin were made by extrusion. The surface of a ready-to-eat turkey meat sample was inoculated with L. monocytogenes at 106 CFU/cm2 and covered with a piece of pectin-nisin film. The samples were vacuum packaged and irradiated at 0, 1, and 2 kGy. The treated samples were stored at 10°C and withdrawn at 0, 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks for microbial analysis. Reductions in L. monocytogenes viability of 1.42, 1.56, 2.85, 3.78, and 5.36 log CFU/cm2 were achieved for the treatments of 1 kGy, pectin-nisin film, 2 kGy, 1 kGy plus pectin-nisin film, and 2 kGy plus pectin-nisin film, respectively. The greatest reduction (5.5 log CFU/cm2) was observed at 1 week for the 2 kGy plus pectin-nisin film treatment, suggesting that nisin was further released from the film to the surface of meat samples. Pectin-nisin films used in this study did not prevent but did significantly slow (P < 0.05) the proliferation of the L. monocytogenes cells that survived irradiation during 8 weeks of storage at 10°C. These data indicate the potential use of pectin-nisin films alone or in combination with ionizing radiation for preventing listeriosis due to postprocessing contamination of ready-to-eat meat products.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Food Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA;, Email: tony.jin@ars.usda.gov 2: Crop Conversion Science and Engineering Research Unit, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA 3: Food Safety Intervention Technologies Research Unit, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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