Chagas' Disease as a Foodborne Illness
Source: Journal of Food Protection®, Number 2, February 2009, pp. 228-446 , pp. 441-446(6)
Abstract:Various researchers have studied the importance of the oral transmission of Chagas' disease since the mid-20th century. Only in recent years, due to an outbreak that occurred in the Brazilian State of Santa Catarina in 2005 and to various outbreaks occurring during the last 3 years in the Brazilian Amazon basin, mainly associated with the consumption of Amazonian palm berry or açaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) juice, has this transmission route aroused the attention of researchers. Nevertheless, reports published in the 1960s already indicated the possibility of Chagas' disease transmission via food in Brazil, mainly in the Amazonian region. Recently, in December 2007, an outbreak of Chagas' disease occurred in Caracas, Venezuela, related to ingestion of contaminated fruit juices. The objective of this article is to point out the importance of foodborne transmission in the etiology of Chagas' disease, on the basis of published research and Brazilian epidemiology data.
Document Type: Review Article
Affiliations: 1: Departamento de Engenharia Bioquímica, Escola de Química, Centro de Tecnologia Bloco E—Sala 203, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro 21941-909, Brazil 2: Departamento de Tecnologia de Alimentos, Faculdade de Engenharia de Alimentos, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil 3: Departamento de Parasitologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil 4: Centro Multidisciplinar para Investigação Biológica na Área da Ciência em Animais de Laboratório (CEMIB), Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil
Publication date: February 1, 2009
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