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Effects of In-Feed Egg Yolk Antibodies on Salmonella Shedding, Bacterial Antibiotic Resistance, and Health of Pigs

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To determine effects of anti-Salmonella egg yolk antibodies on shedding and antibiotic resistance of Salmonella enterica Typhimurium, newly weaned pigs were randomly assigned to six dietary treatments. These treatment groups were (i) a control (basal) diet without additives and similar diets with (ii) egg yolk powder derived from chickens challenged with Salmonella Typhimurium antigens, (iii) a commercial egg yolk powder control, (iv) apramycin for 14 days followed by carbadox, (v) oxytetracycline, or (vi) spray-dried plasma protein. Treatments were provided beginning on day 3 of the trial, and all pigs were challenged with 5 ml of 108 CFU/ml Salmonella Typhimurium on day 7. Fecal samples were collected on days 0, 7, 8, 12, 14, 21, 58, 88, and 118 for isolation of Salmonella and Escherichia coli to determine shedding and antibiotic resistance patterns. Body weights, white blood cell counts, and plasma concentrations of anti-Salmonella immunoglobulin G and porcine interleukin 1β were analyzed as indicators of animal health. The percentage of pigs shedding Salmonella was lower for antibiotic treatment groups compared with other groups; however, resistance was greater in E. coli from pigs fed antibiotics than in pigs in other treatment groups. Health and performance indicators (pig weight gains, white blood cell counts, and plasma concentrations of anti-Salmonella antibodies) did not differ between treatment groups. These studies indicate that feeding egg yolk containing anti-Salmonella immunoglobulin Y may not be effective in controlling shedding of Salmonella in pigs.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Animal Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA 2: Department of Animal Science, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996, USA; Faculty of Animal Science, Kasetsart University, Kampangsan, Thailand 3: Department of Animal Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3T 2N2 4: Zyme Fast Systems Inc., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R2C 2Z2

Publication date: February 1, 2009

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