Detection of Listeria monocytogenes in Commercially Broken Unpasteurized Liquid Egg in Japan
Abstract:Unpasteurized liquid whole-egg samples were collected from six and seven commercial establishments across Japan in 1993 and 1994 and in 2005, respectively. The samples were tested for the presence of Listeria spp. and Listeria monocytogenes. Detection rates of the Listeria spp. were greatly different among the egg-breaking facilities, with a range of 8 to 55%. There was no significant difference in the contamination rate between the samples from 1993 and 1994 and from 2005. L. monocytogenes was isolated from 2 of 487 (0.4%) samples in 1993 and 1994, and 2 of 316 (0.6%) samples in 2005. These detection rates are lower than known detection rates of other livestock products (5.1 to 42%). In 2005, the L. monocytogenes –positive samples were quantified by a most-probable-number counting experiment, and the contamination levels were below 7.5 organisms per 25 g of sample. D 55°C-values of 0.59 to 4.08/min were determined for L. monocytogenes isolated in this study. This heat tolerance is in a good agreement with past reports, and slightly higher than that of Salmonella. This study suggests that the legal pasteurization condition of liquid egg is sufficient to ensure microbial safety against L. monocytogenes because the contamination rate and its level are considerably low.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Research and Development Division, Q.P. Corporation, 5-13-1, Sumiyoshi-cho, Fuchu-shi, Tokyo, 183-0034, Japan
Publication date: January 1, 2009
More about this publication?
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites