Skip to main content

Enhanced Detection of Listeria spp. in Farmstead Cheese Processing Environments through Dual Primary Enrichment, PCR, and Molecular Subtyping

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


The incidence and ecology of Listeria spp. in farmstead cheese processing environments were assessed through environmental sampling conducted in nine different plants over a 10-week period. Environmental samples (n = 705) were examined for the presence of Listeria spp. by using three detection/isolation protocols. The use of dual enrichment methods, which allowed for the recovery of injured Listeria spp. (mUSDA), identified more Listeria species–positive samples with higher sensitivity than the standard USDA method. The addition of PCR to the mUSDA method identified the most Listeria monocytogenes –positive samples, achieving greater sensitivity of detection while substantially reducing time. Overall, 7.5% of samples were positive for Listeria spp., yielding 710 isolates, 253 of which were subtyped by automated ribotyping to examine strain diversity within and between plants over time. The isolation of specific ribotypes did not appear to be affected by the enrichment protocol used. Fifteen (2.1%) samples yielded L. monocytogenes isolates differentiated almost equally into ribotypes of lineages I and II. Of most concern was the persistent and widespread contamination of a plant with L. monocytogenes DUP1042B, a ribotype previously associated with multiple outbreaks of listeriosis. Our results suggest that the extent of contamination by Listeria spp., notably L. monocytogenes, in farmstead cheese plants is comparatively low, especially for those with on-site farms. The results of this study also identified points of control for use in designing more effective Listeria spp. control and monitoring programs with a focus on ribotypes of epidemiological significance.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Vermont, Bington, Vermont 05405, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more