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A Rapid Fluorescence Assay for Danofloxacin in Beef Muscle: Effect of Muscle Type on Limit of Quantitation

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A simple, rapid fluorescence screening assay was applied to the analysis of beef muscle for danofloxacin at the U.S. tolerance level of 200 ng/g. Muscle samples were homogenized in acetic acid–acetonitrile, the resultant mixture centrifuged, and fluorescence of the supernatants was then measured. The significant difference between the fluorescence of control muscle sample extracts and extracts of samples fortified at 200 ng/g allowed for successful discrimination between the samples. Setting a threshold level at the average 200 ng/g fortified sample extract fluorescence −3σ allowed for identification of potentially violative samples. Successful analysis of a group of blind fortified samples over a range of concentrations was accomplished in this manner, without any false-negative results. The limits of quantitation for danofloxacin, as well as enrofloxacin, using this assay were determined in three types of beef muscle (hanging tenderloin, neck, and eye round steak), as well as in serum. Significant differences in limits of quantitation were found among the three different muscle types examined, with hanging tenderloin muscle providing the lowest value. This work not only shows the potential for use of the fluorescence screening assay as an alternative to currently used microbial or antibody-based assays for the analysis of danofloxacin in beef muscle, but also suggests that assays using beef muscle may vary in performance depending on the specific muscle selected for analysis.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA

Publication date: August 1, 2008

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