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Determination of Ochratoxin A in Wine by Immunoaffinity Cleanup and Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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A simple and accurate method has been developed for determining ochratoxin A (OTA), using an immunoaffinity column for cleanup and liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry for identification and quantification. Wine samples were diluted with a solution containing polyethylene glycol 8000 and sodium hydrogen carbonate, filtered through a glass microfiber filter, and cleaned up on an immunoaffinity column. OTA was then eluted with methanol–acetic acid (98:2) and analyzed by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. The average recoveries of OTA from red and white wines were 95 and 96.7% (spiked OTA level was 0.05 ng/ml) and repeatabilities (relative standard deviation) were 3.8 and 2.4%, respectively. The detection limit was <0.0003 ng/ml based on the signal-to-noise ratio in wine of 3:1. Analysis of 74 samples of domestic and imported wines showed OTA levels ranging from <0.0003 to 0.82 ng/ml, with an incidence of contamination of 92.1% for red wines, and 0.0003 to 0.51 ng/ml, with an incidence of contamination of 77.8% for white wines. These detection rates were higher than those rates of past reports of OTA contamination in wine, due to the high sensitivity of this method. However, all samples analyzed in this study complied with European Union regulations. It is concluded that this method is a useful tool for the quality assurance of wine.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Analytical Technology Laboratory, Asahi Breweries, Ltd., 1-21 Midori 1-Chome, Moriya-shi, Ibaraki, Japan

Publication date: 2008-05-01

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