Inactivation of MS2 F(+) Coliphage on Lettuce by a Combination of UV Light and Hydrogen Peroxide
Abstract:The efficacy of a produce decontamination method based on a combination of UV light (254 nm) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to inactivate the MS2 F(+) coliphage inoculated onto iceberg lettuce was evaluated. Lettuce inoculated with 6.57 log PFU of MS2 was reduced by 0.5 to 1.0 log unit when illuminated with UV light alone for 20 to 60 s (12.64 to 18.96 mJ/cm2). In contrast, a 3-log reduction in MS2 was achieved with 2% (vol/vol) H2O2 spray delivered at 50°C. No significant increase in log count reduction (LCR) was observed when H2O2 and UV light were applied simultaneously. However, H2O2 sprayed onto lettuce samples for 10 s, followed by a further 20-s UV illumination, resulted in an LCR of 4.12 that compares with the 1.67 obtained with 200 ppm of calcium hypochlorite wash. No further increase in MS2 inactivation was achieved by the use of either longer H2O2 spray or UV illumination times. The extent of MS2 reduction was significantly (P ≤ 0.05) decreased when the H2O2 spray was delivered at 10 or 25°C compared with 50°C. In the course of aerobic storage at 4°C, lettuce treated with UV light and H2O2 (10 or 25°C) developed discoloration (polyphenol accumulation) within 6 days. In contrast, lettuce treated with UV light and H2O2 at 50°C developed less discoloration within this time period and was comparable to untreated controls. This study demonstrated that the combination of UV light and H2O2 represents an alternative to hypochlorite-based washes to reduce the carriage of viruses on fresh produce.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2008
More about this publication?
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites