High-Pressure Resistance Variation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Strains and Salmonella Serovars in Tryptic Soy Broth, Distilled Water, and Fruit Juice
Abstract:The effect of high pressure on the log reduction of six strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and five serovars of Salmonella enterica was investigated in tryptic soy broth, sterile distilled water, and commercially sterile orange juice (for Salmonella) and apple cider (for E. coli). Samples were subjected to high-pressure processing treatment at 300 and 550 MPa for 2 min at 6°C. Samples were plated onto tryptic soy agar directly after pressurization and after being held for 24 h at 4°C. At 300 MPa, little effect was seen on E. coli O157:H7 strains, while Salmonella serovars varied in resistance, showing reductions between 0.26 and 3.95 log CFU/ml. At 550 MPa, E. coli O157:H7 strains exhibited a range of reductions (0.28 to 4.39 log CFU/ml), while most Salmonella populations decreased beyond the detection limit (>5-log CFU/ml reduction). The most resistant strains tested were E. coli E009 and Salmonella Agona. Generally, bacterial populations in fruit juices showed larger decreases than did populations in tryptic soy broth and distilled water. E. coli O157:H7 cultures held for 24 h at 4°C after treatment at 550 MPa showed a significant log decrease as compared with cultures directly after treatment (P ≤ 0.05), while Salmonella serovars did not show this significant decrease (P > 0.05). All Salmonella serovars tested in orange juice treated at 550 MPa for 2 min at 6°C and held for 24 h showed a >5-log decrease, while E. coli O157:H7 strains require a higher pressure, higher temperature, longer pressurization, or a chemical additive to achieve a 5-log decrease.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Food Science and Technology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24060, USA; Department of Food Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA 2: Department of Food Science and Technology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24060, USA
Publication date: September 1, 2007
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites