Possible Mechanisms of Antimutagenicity in Fermented Soymilk Prepared with a Coculture of Streptococcus infantis and Bifidobacterium infantis
Abstract:The possible mechanisms of antimutagenicity against 4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide (4-NQO; a direct mutagen) and 3,2′-dimethyl-4-amino-biphenyl (DMAB; an indirect mutagen) were examined in fermented soymilk prepared with a coculture of Streptococcus thermophilus and Bifidobacterium infantis. The antimutagenicity in the fermented soymilk was not due to the bioantimutagenic effect of modulation of DNA repair processes. The mutagenicity of DMAB decreased with increased preincubation of fermented soymilk and the DMAB metabolite but not with intact DMAB or an S9 mixture. Mutagenicity of 4-NQO was not affected by preincubation of fermented soymilk with this mutagen. Mutagenicity of both 4-NQO and DMAB was reduced when Salmonella Typhimurium TA 100 was pretreated with fermented soymilk, indicating that fermented soymilk affected the function of the bacterial cell, which might also lead to reduced mutagenicity of the tested mutagens. Desmutagenic and blocking effects were the main mechanisms of antimutagenicity in the fermented soymilk against DMBA. In contrast, the antimutagenic effect of the fermented soymilk on 4-NQO was primarily due to a blocking effect.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Graduate Institute of Food Science & Technology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 2: Division of Food Microbiology, Bureau of Food and Drug Analysis, Department of Health, Executive Yuan, Taipei, Taiwan
Publication date: April 1, 2007
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites