Inactivation of Escherichia coli K-12 Exposed to Pressures in Excess of 300 MPa in a High-Pressure Homogenizer
Authors: Taylor, T. Matthew; Roach, Adrienne; Black, D. Glenn; Davidson, P. Michael; Harte, Federico
Source: Journal of Food Protection®, Number 4, April 2007, pp. 820-1053 , pp. 1007-1010(4)
Abstract:Homogenization is used widely in the dairy industry to improve product stability and quality. High-pressure homogenization (HPH) of fluid foods up to pressures of 300 MPa has demonstrated excellent potential for microbial inactivation. Microbial inactivation can be enhanced during HPH with the inclusion of antimicrobial compounds. Escherichia coli K-12 cells, grown statically or in chemostat, were exposed to HPH processing pressures of 50 to 350 MPa in the absence or presence of the antimicrobial nisin. Valve temperature was regulated by a water bath and pressure, and temperature data were recorded continuously after process initiation. Survivors were enumerated via plating on nonselective growth media. Pressure and temperature at the valve outlet port exhibited a quadratic relationship (R 2 = 0.9617, P < 0.05). Significant HPH-induced inactivation of the gram-negative microorganism was observed in the range of 100 to 250 MPa. Above 300 MPa, heat was the main factor promoting microbial inactivation, regardless of whether cells were grown in chemostat or statically. Chemostat-grown cells were significantly (P < 0.05) more resistant to HPH processing than were statically grown cells. Data indicate potential synergistic effects of nisin and HPH on the inactivation of bacterial contaminants. This study represents the first report of inactivation of a bacterium with HPH pressures in excess of 300 MPa in the presence and absence of an antimicrobial.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Tennessee, 2509 River Road, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996–4539, USA
Publication date: April 1, 2007
- IAFP members must first sign in on the right to access full text articles of JFP First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or Web site: www.foodprotection.org
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites