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Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Organochlorine Pesticides in Seafood from the Gulf of Naples (Italy)

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Seven target polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs; IUPAC nos. 28, 52, 101, 118, 138, 153, and 180) and the organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and its related metabolites (p,p′-DDT, p,p′-DDE, and p,p′-DDD) were quantified in edible tissues from seven marine species (European hake, red mullet, blue whiting, Atlantic mackerel, blue and red shrimp, European flying squid, and Mediterranean mussel) from the Gulf of Naples in the southern Tyrrhenian Sea (Italy). PCBs 118, 138, and 153 were the dominant congeners in all the species examined. The concentrations of all PCBs (from not detectable to 15,427 ng g−1 fat weight) exceeded those of all the DDTs (from not detectable to 1,769 ng g−1 fat weight) and HCB (not detectable to 150.60 ng g−1 fat weight) in the samples analyzed. The OCP concentrations were below the maximum residue limits established for fish and aquatic products by the Decreto Ministerale 13 May 2005 in all the samples analyzed; therefore the OCPs in the southern Tyrrhenian Sea species are unlikely to be a significant health hazard. Conversely, the mean concentrations of PCBs exceeded (greatly in some cases) the current limits (200 ng−1 fat weight) set by the European Union for terrestrial foods. Although the manufacture and use of PCBs are banned or highly restricted, these compounds still are important persistent chemical contaminants in the Gulf of Naples.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pathology and Animal Health, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy 2: Department of Food Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy

Publication date: March 1, 2007

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