Skip to main content

Shelf Life of Ostrich (Struthio camelus) Liver Stored under Different Packaging Conditions

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


Ostrich (Struthio camelus) liver is an important edible meat by-product. However, it has a low commercial value, and it is underutilized. The present study was conducted to establish the shelf life of ostrich liver, stored at 2 ± 1°C for 18 days, under different packing conditions. Fresh livers were sliced and packed under air exposure, vacuum, and modified atmosphere (MA: 80% CO2 plus 20% N2). Shelf-life evaluation was based on color, lipid and hemopigment oxidation, microbial counts, and sensory assessment of odor and color. Samples stored under air exposure showed the highest lipid and hemopigment oxidation rate, which was detected by higher thiobarbituric acid reactive substances values and metmyoglobin percentage and lower heme iron content than livers stored under vacuum or MA. On the basis of aerobic bacteria counts, the shelf life of ostrich liver stored under aerobic conditions would be 7 days, whereas under vacuum or MA, it would be 14 days. In livers stored under anaerobic conditions (vacuum or MA packed), lactic acid bacteria represented a significant proportion of the spoilage microbiota. Minimal changes in color perception were also obtained in vacuum-packed samples at the end of the storage period. In air-packed samples, high levels of off-odors were already perceived during the first 6 days of storage, whereas in livers stored under anaerobic conditions (vacuum and MA), these levels of off-odor were not yet perceived at that time.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Agrofood Technology Department, Miguel Hernández University, Orihuela 03312 (Alicante), Spain

Publication date: August 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more