Microbial Modeling of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris CRA 7152 Growth in Orange Juice with Nisin Added
Abstract:The adaptation time of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris CRA 7152 in orange juice was determined as a response to pH (3 to 5.8), temperature (20 to 54°C), soluble solids concentration (°Brix; 11 to 19 °Brix), and nisin concentration (0 to 70 IU/ml) effects. A four-factor central composite rotational design was used. Viable microorganisms were enumerated by plating on K medium (pH 3.7). Two primary models were used to represent growth and adaptation time. A second-order polynomial model was applied to analyze the effects of factors. Results showed that the Baranyi and Roberts model was better than the modified Gompertz model, considering the determination coefficient (R 2) for experimental data description. Inhibition of bacteria can be obtained through several studied combinations for at least 47 days of storage. The shortest period of adaptation was observed between 37 to 45°C, with pHs between 4 and 5, yet the longest periods of adaptation could be obtained around 20°C with pHs close to 3.0. Statistical analysis of the quadratic model showed that the adaptation time increased as temperature or pH decreased, and as nisin concentration or soluble solids increased. The model showed that adaptation time has a minimum value for juice without nisin added, with 13.5% soluble solids, pH 5.0, and incubated at 43.8°C. The statistical parameters that validated this model were an R 2 of 0.816, a bias factor of 0.96, and an accuracy factor of 1.14. Manipulation of more than one factor, as well as the use of an antimicrobial agent, can be an alternative to preventing the development of A. acidoterrestris in orange juice, thus contributing to increased orange juice shelf life.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Faculdade de Engenharia de Alimentos, Departamento de Ciências de Alimentos, CP 6121, CEP 13083-862, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
Publication date: August 1, 2006
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