Skip to main content

Detection of Escherichia coli in Packaged Alfalfa Sprouts with an Electronic Nose and an Artificial Neural Network

Buy Article:

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)


A rapid method for the detection of Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) in packaged alfalfa sprouts was developed. Volatile compounds from the headspace of packaged alfalfa sprouts, inoculated with E. coli and incubated at 10°C for 1, 2, and 3 days, were collected and analyzed. Uninoculated sprouts were used as control samples. An electronic nose with 12 metal oxide electronic sensors was used to monitor changes in the composition of the gas phase of the package headspace with respect to volatile metabolites produced by E. coli. The electronic nose was able to differentiate between samples with and without E. coli. To predict the number of E. coli in packaged alfalfa sprouts, an artificial neural network was used, which included an input layer, a hidden layer, and an output layer, with a hyperbolic tangent sigmoidal transfer function in the hidden layer and a linear transfer function in the output layer. The network was shown to be capable of correlating voltametric responses with the number of E. coli. A good prediction was possible, as measured by a regression coefficient (R 2 = 0.903) between the actual and predicted data. In conjunction with the artificial neural network, the electronic nose proved to have the ability to detect E. coli in packaged alfalfa sprouts.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand 2: Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA 3: School of Packaging, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA

Publication date: August 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website).

    The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more