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Bactericidal Effects of Wine on Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Oysters

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The bactericidal effects of wines on Vibrio parahaemolyticus in oysters were studied to evaluate potential inactivation of V. parahaemolyticus in contaminated oysters by wine consumption. Shucked whole oyster and oyster meat homogenate were inoculated with V. parahaemolyticus and mixed with red or white wine. Survivals of V. parahaemolyticus in inoculated oysters were determined at 7 and 25°C. Populations of V. parahaemolyticus in inoculated whole oysters (5.52 log most probable number [MPN] per g) decreased slightly to 4.90 log MPN/g (a 0.62-log reduction) after 24 h at 7°C but increased to 7.37 log MPN/g over the same period at 25°C. However, the populations in wine-treated whole oysters decreased by >1.7 and >1.9 log MPN/g after 24 h at 7 and 25°C, respectively. Both red and white wines were more effective in inactivating V. parahaemolyticus in oyster meat homogenate than in whole oyster. Populations of V. parahaemolyticus in oyster meat homogenate (7.8 × 103 MPN/g) decreased rapidly to nondetectable levels (<3 MPN/g) after 30 min of mixing with wine at 25°C (a 3.89-log MPN/g reduction). These results suggest that chewing oysters before swallowing when eating raw oysters may result in greater inactivation of V. parahaemolyticus if wine is consumed. More studies are needed to determine the bactericidal effects of wine on V. parahaemolyticus in the complicated stomach environment.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: College of Food Science and Technology, Shanghai Fisheries University, 334 Jungong Road, Shanghai, 200090, People's Republic of China 2: OSU Seafood Laboratory, Oregon State University, 2001 Marine Drive, Room 253, Astoria, Oregon 97103, USA

Publication date: August 1, 2006

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