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A Predictive Model To Describe the Effects of Temperature, Sodium Lactate, and Sodium Diacetate on the Inactivation of a Serotype 4b Strain of Listeria monocytogenes in a Frankfurter Slurry

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A modified Gompertz equation was used to model the effects of temperature (55, 60, and 65°C), sodium lactate (0, 2.4, and 4.8%), and sodium diacetate (0, 0.125, and 0.25%) on inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes strain MFS 102 (serotype 4b) in frankfurter slurry. The effects of these factors were determined on the shouldering region (parameter A), maximum death rate (parameter B), and tailing region (parameter C) of microbial inactivation curves. Increased temperature or sodium diacetate concentrations increased the death rate, whereas increased sodium lactate concentrations decreased heat resistance. Complex two-way interactive effects were also observed. As both temperature and sodium lactate increased, the death rate decreased; however, as temperature and sodium diacetate increased, the death rate increased. The effect of the interaction between sodium lactate and sodium diacetate on the maximum death rate varied with temperature. Increases in both acidulants at temperatures above 56.7°C decreased the death rate, whereas at temperatures below 56.7°C, increases in both acidulants increased the death rate. To test for significant differences between treatments, D-values were calculated and compared. This comparison revealed that, in general, sodium lactate increased heat resistance and sodium diacetate decreased heat resistance of L. monocytogenes. This information is important for reducing and minimizing contamination during postprocessing thermal treatments.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Food Science, Purdue University, 745 Agriculture Mall Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana 47906, USA 2: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Microbial Food Safety Research Unit, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA

Publication date: July 1, 2006

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