Contamination of Cooked Peeled Shrimp (Pandalus borealis) by Listeria monocytogenes during Processing at Two Processing Plants
Abstract:Listeria spp. and Listeria monocytogenes contamination was evaluated in cooked peeled shrimp (final or semifinal product, 82 samples) and the shrimp-processing environment (two plants, 613 samples) in eight surveys conducted from 1998 through 2001. Listeria was detected in 12.5% (78) of the 695 samples (11.2% of the samples were positive for L. monocytogenes), but none of the samples of final product contained Listeria. One hundred seventy-two L. monocytogenes isolates were characterized by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Cleavage with macrorestriction enzymes AscI and ApaI yielded 14 different pulsotypes in the plants; two types were dominant, one in each plant. Sixty-three of the 106 isolates in plant A and 43 of the 66 isolates in plant B were of the dominant types. Certain strains, mainly of serotypes 1/2c and 4b and pulsotypes 1A and 2H, were persistent for long periods in both plants. Adaptation of good hygienic practices in the processing plants, including strict rules concerning traffic of staff and equipment, and existing hygienic requirements appeared to be effective in preventing contamination between areas within plants and in the final product. The persistence of Listeria strains in these two processing plants indicates the importance of detecting the places in the processing environment (e.g., transporters, equipment, floors, and drains) where L. monocytogenes can survive so that cleaning and disinfection efforts can be directed to such niches.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Icelandic Fisheries Laboratories, 101 Reykjavík, Iceland 2: University of Akureyri, 600 Akureyri, Iceland 3: Department of Clinical Microbiology, Landspítali University Hospital, Hringbraut, 101 Reykjavík, Iceland 4: Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Landspítali University Hospital, Fossvogur, 108 Reykjavík, Iceland
Publication date: June 1, 2006
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