Differential Killing Activity of Cetylpyridinium Chloride with or without Bacto Neutralizing Buffer Quench against Firmly Adhered Salmonella Gaminara and Shigella sonnei on Cut Lettuce Stored at 4°C

Authors: Osman, Moeznimanwaty1; Janes, Marlene E.2; Story, Robert3; Nannapaneni, Ramakrishna3; Johnson, Michael G.3

Source: Journal of Food Protection®, Number 6, June 2006, pp. 1240-1484 , pp. 1286-1291(6)

Publisher: International Association for Food Protection

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Abstract:

Cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) activity was quenched with Bacto neutralizing buffer on inoculated cut iceberg lettuce. This protocol permitted comparison of the numbers of Salmonella Gaminara– or Shigella sonnei–inoculated cells on lettuce that survived 1 min of CPC treatment. Cut lettuce was inoculated with about 6 log of Salmonella or 9 log of Shigella and stored in Whirl-Pak bags at 4°C for up to 4 days. Loosely adhered pathogen cells were washed off before CPC treatment. Firmly adhered cells of Salmonella Gaminara or S. sonnei on cut iceberg lettuce survived treatment with CPC even at the 0.4% CPC level if the CPC activity was quenched after 1 min by adding Bacto neutralizing buffer. The results confirm that there is extended killing activity of residual CPC against Salmonella Gaminara or S. sonnei if the residual CPC remaining in contact with the lettuce after the initial 1-min wash is not quenched. The CPC treatment was useful in reducing the numbers of these target pathogens on lettuce.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Food Science and Center for Food Safety, IFSE, 2650 North Young Avenue, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72704, USA; Virology Unit, Infectious Disease Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research, 50588 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 2: Department of Food Science and Center for Food Safety, IFSE, 2650 North Young Avenue, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72704, USA; Department of Food Science, 111 Food Science Building, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA 3: Department of Food Science and Center for Food Safety, IFSE, 2650 North Young Avenue, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72704, USA

Publication date: June 1, 2006

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    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

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