Phenotypic and Genotypic Characterization of Salmonella enterica Serotype Paratyphi B Isolates from Environmental and Human Sources in Galicia, Spain

$37.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


Salmonella serotype Paratyphi B isolates obtained from shellfish and human infections in Galicia (northwest Spain) from 1998 were investigated by different phenotypic and genetic methods to evaluate their systemic or enteric nature. Isolates were investigated for D-tartrate fermentation, presence of genes encoding the effector proteins sopE1 and avrA, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profile, and antimicrobial susceptibility. Systemic variant strains (dT) were the dominant among the marine environment isolates. All dT isolates were sopE1 positive and avrA negative, presented an indistinguishable electrophoresis profile, and were grouped in a single cluster. More electrophoresis heterogeneity was observed among dT+ isolates. Only two isolates showed resistance to any of the 16 antibiotics included in our panel. The present study identified the marine environment as a potential natural source of systemic variant isolates of Salmonella Paratyphi B. The presence of systemic variant isolates of Salmonella Paratyphi B in the marine environment is of notable public health significance as a result of the potential risk of acquiring enteric fever linked to the consumption of raw shellfish.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Instituto de Acuicultura, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Campus Universitario Sur, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain 2: Laboratorio Nacional de Referencia de Salmonella y Shigella, Centro Nacional de Microbiologia, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28220 Madrid, Spain 3: Department of Food and Environmental Safety, Veterinary Laboratories Agency-Weybridge, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 3NB, UK

Publication date: June 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • IAFP members must first sign in on the right to access full text articles of JFP

    First published in 1937, the Journal of Food Protection®, is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection® is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.

    Print and online subscriptions are available to Members and Institutional subscribers. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Information can be obtained by calling +1 800.369.6337; +1 515.276.3344; fax: +1 515.276.8655, E-mail: or Web site:
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more