Burden and Cost of Gastroenteritis in a Canadian Community

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This study estimated the health burden and costs associated with gastroenteritis in the City of Hamilton (Ontario, Canada). The number of cases, number of different resource units used, and cost per resource unit were represented by probability distributions and point estimates. These were subsequently integrated in a stochastic model to estimate the overall burden and cost in the population and to depict the uncertainty of the estimates. The estimated mean annual cost per capita was Can$115. The estimated mean annual cost per case was Can$1,089 and was similar to other published figures. Gastroenteritis represented a significant burden in the study population, with costs high enough to justify prevention efforts. These results, currently the most accurate available estimates for a Canadian population, can inform future economic evaluations to determine the most cost effective measures for reducing the burden and cost of gastroenteritis in the community.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1; Foodborne, Waterborne, and Zoonotic Infections Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, Guelph and Ottawa, Ontario, Canada N1G 5B2 2: Innovation and Risk Management Branch, Ontario Ministry of Agriculture and Food, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 4Y2 3: Department of Agricultural Economics and Business, Department of Consumer Studies, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1 4: Social and Public Health Services Department, City of Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 1H6; Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 3Z5 5: Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, Public Health Agency of Canada, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 3W4 6: Department of Population Medicine, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1 7: Department of Computing and Information Science, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada N1G 2W1

Publication date: March 1, 2006

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