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Survey of Japanese Layer Farms for Salmonella Enteritidis with Vaccination- and Infection-Specific Antigens for Egg Yolk Antibodies

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Japanese layer farms were surveyed for Salmonella Enteritidis vaccination and infection with specific antigens for egg yolk antibodies with the use of vaccination-specific antigen Salmonella Enteritidis FliC-specific 9-kDa polypeptide (SEP9) and infection-specific antigen deflagellated Salmonella Enteritidis whole cell (DEWC). The specific antibodies in eggs from 201 commercial layer farms throughout Japan were surveyed. The percentages of farm flocks with a mean enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) titer of over 0.1 were 56.2% (113 of 201) in DEWC-ELISA and 22.3% (45 of 201) in SEP9-ELISA. Flocks indicating high titers in SEP9-ELISA always showed high titers in DEWC-ELISA. Because both specific antibody titers of the vaccinated flocks monitored long term remained high throughout life, flocks with high titers of both ELISAs in this survey must be vaccinated. On the other hand, 34.3% (69 of 201) of flocks had high titers of DEWC-specific antibody alone. Because Salmonella Enteritidis infection induces the DEWC-specific antibody but not the SEP9-specific antibody, detecting only high ELISA titers of DEWC-specific antibody can be an effective monitoring tool for Salmonella Enteritidis exposure rather than vaccination. These results suggest that vaccination programs in Japanese layer farms would be insufficient to control Salmonella Enteritidis infection, and egg screening to detect specific antibodies would be valuable in obtaining the necessary information to control Salmonella Enteritidis infection.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Division of Veterinary Science, Graduate School of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1 Gakuencho, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan 2: CAF Laboratories, 1257-1 Michinoue-Kannabe, Fukayasu, Hiroshima 720-2104, Japan

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