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Antilisterial Activity of a Carnobacterium piscicola Isolated from Brazilian Smoked Fish (Surubim [Pseudoplatystoma sp.]) and Its Activity against a Persistent Strain of Listeria monocytogenes Isolated from Surubim

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Data on the prevalence and growth of Listeria monocytogenes in lightly preserved fish products from subtropical and tropical regions are very scarce. Our research describes L. monocytogenes that was detected in 5% of the packages of cold-smoked surubim, a native Brazilian freshwater fish that we analyzed, and shows that the strains isolated were of the same random amplified polymorphic DNA subtype as the strains that were isolated from the same factory 4 years earlier. A bacteriocinogenic strain of Carnobacterium piscicola (strain C2), isolated from vacuum-packed cold-smoked surubim, and two C. piscicola strains, isolated from vacuum-packed, cold-smoked salmon, were capable of limiting or completely inhibiting the growth of an L. monocytogenes (strain V2) isolated from surubim in fish peptone model systems incubated at 10°C. Monocultures of L. monocytogenes reached 108 CFU/ml (g), whereas the growth of L. monocytogenes was completely inhibited by C. piscicola C2. The bacteriocinogenic C. piscicola A9b+ and its nonbacteriocinogenic mutant A9b reduced maximum Listeria levels by 2 to 3 log units. Both bacteriocinogenic C. piscicola strains prevented listerial growth in cold-smoked fish juices (surubim and salmon). Although the carnobacteria grew poorly on cold-smoked surubim at 10°C, the strains were able to reduce maximum Listeria counts by 1 to 3 log units in an artificially inoculated product (surubim). We conclude that Brazilian smoked fish products harbor L. monocytogenes and should be stabilized against the growth of the organism. C. piscicola C2 has the potential for use as a bioprotective culture in surubim and other lightly preserved fish, but further studies are required to optimize its effect.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Ciências Farmaceêuticas de Ribeirão Preto, Av. do Café s/n—Monte Alegre, 14040-903 Ribeiraão Preto-SP, Brazil 2: Universidade de Saão Paulo, Faculdade de Cieências Farmaceêuticas, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 580 BL. 14, 05508-900 Saão Paulo, SP, Brazil 3: Danish Institute for Fisheries Research, Department of Seafood Research, Søltofts Plads, DTU Building 221, DK-2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

Publication date: October 1, 2005

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