The detection of potentially allergenic proteins, such as those derived from crustaceans, in food products is a major concern for the food processing industry. A PCR–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method was designed to detect the presence of crustacean DNA
in food products and to determine the species source of the DNA. This PCR assay amplifies an approximately 205-bp fragment of the 16S rRNA gene in crustacean species, including shrimp, crab, lobster, and crawfish. This reaction will not amplify DNA derived from mammals, such as cow and sheep.
After amplification, the PCR product is digested with differential restriction endonucleases to determine the species source of the crustacean DNA. The specificity of this assay was demonstrated using four species of shrimp, three species of crab, and two species of lobster and crawfish. This
assay is sensitive enough to detect crustacean DNA in a raw meat mixture containing <0.1% shrimp.
Document Type: Research Article
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Forensic Chemistry Center, 6751 Steger Drive, Cincinnati, Ohio 45237, USA
Publication date: September 1, 2005
More about this publication?
IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.