Production and Stability of Patulin, Ochratoxin A, Citrinin, and Cyclopiazonic Acid on Dry Cured Ham
Abstract:Toxinogenic fungal species can be isolated from dry cured meat products, raising the problem of the direct contamination of these foods by mycotoxins known to be carcinogenic or potent carcinogens. Because the contamination of a food by mycotoxins can be considered a balance between production and degradation, the stability of mycotoxins on dry cured meat was also investigated. This study focused on patulin, ochratoxin A, citrinin, and cyclopiazonic acid that can be produced by fungal species previously isolated from dry cured meat products sold on the French market. We demonstrated that neither patulin nor ochratoxin A was produced on dry meat by toxigenic strains, whereas relatively high amounts of citrinin and cyclopiazonic acid were found after a 16-day incubation period at 20°C (87 and 50 mg/kg, respectively). After direct contamination, the initial content of patulin rapidly decreased to become undetectable after only 6 h of incubation at 20°C. For both citrinin and ochratoxin A, the kinetics of decrease at 20°C was less rapid, and the two toxins presented half-lives of 6 and 120 h, respectively. By contrast, more than 80% of the initial contamination in cyclopiazonic acid was still found on ham after a 192-h incubation period. Toxin stability was not affected by storage at 4°C. These results suggest that growth of toxigenic strains of Penicillium has to be avoided on dry meat products.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Mycotoxicology Research Unit, National Veterinary School, 23 Chemin des Capelles, 31076 Toulouse Cedex, France
Publication date: July 1, 2005
More about this publication?
- IAFP Members with personal subscriptions to JFP Online: To access full-text JFP or JMFT articles, you must sign-in in the upper-right corner using your Ingenta sign-in details (your IAFP Member Login does not apply to this website). The Journal of Food Protection (JFP) is a refereed monthly publication. Each issue contains scientific research and authoritative review articles reporting on a variety of topics in food science pertaining to food safety and quality. The Journal is internationally recognized as the leading publication in the field of food microbiology with a readership exceeding 11,000 scientists from 70 countries. The Journal of Food Protection is indexed in Index Medicus, Current Contents, BIOSIS, PubMed, Medline, and many others.
Print and online subscriptions are available to IAFP Members and institutional subscribers. IAFP Members with a subscription to JFP Online will have access to all available JFP and JMFT content. Online visitors who are not IAFP Members or journal subscribers will be charged on a pay-per-view basis. Membership and subscription information is available at www.foodprotection.org.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Information for Advertisers
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites